People often misunderstand the role of refrigerant inside an air conditioning system. It’s common for homeowners to think their AC will eventually “run out” of refrigerant and need to be refilled or topped-off. This isn’t the case, since refrigerant is not an energy source or fuel for an AC. The energy source for an AC is electricity. What refrigerant does is allow the air conditioner to carry out heat transfer, i.e. moving heat from inside the house to the outside. Heat transfer is how an air conditioner provides cooling for a home, and it can’t do that without refrigerant.
Because refrigerant isn’t an energy source the AC consumes, it doesn’t get “used up.” The amount of refrigerant in the air conditioner when it’s installed (known as the AC’s charge) is the same amount it will keep through its service life. The only case where an air conditioning system may lose its refrigerant charge is because of leaks. Unfortunately, these are a common AC problem and require professional AC repair in Ashland City, TN or else the air conditioner will be in major trouble. Below we’ll go into why refrigerant leaks are bad news for any air conditioner.